java util Random Class - java.util.Random Class in Java
Random Class in Java
Java Random Class
The Java Random class is used to generate a stream of pseudorandom numbers. In other words Random class is used to generate random numbers in Java. The Java Random class uses a 48-bit seed, which is modified using a linear congruential formula.
If two instances of Random are created with the same seed, and the same sequence of method calls is made for each, they will generate and return identical sequences of numbers. In order to guarantee this property, particular algorithms are specified for the class Random. Java implementations must use all the algorithms shown here for the class Random, for the sake of absolute portability of Java code. However, subclasses of class Random are permitted to use other algorithms, so long as they adhere to the general contracts for all the methods.
- Instances of java.util.Random are threadsafe. However, the concurrent use of the same java.util.Random instance across threads may encounter contention and consequent poor performance. Consider instead using ThreadLocalRandom in multithreaded designs.
- Instances of java.util.Random are not cryptographically secure. Consider instead using SecureRandom to get a cryptographically secure pseudo-random number generator for use by security-sensitive applications.
The algorithms implemented by class Random use a protected utility method that on each invocation can supply up to 32 pseudorandomly generated bits.
Many applications will find the method Math.random() simpler to use.
Following Java Random class example you can learn about java.util.Random class. And also learn how to use java.util.Random class.
java.util.Random Class Example
java.util.Random Class Example 2