java util Hashtable Class - Hashtable Class in Java
Hashtable Class in Java
A Hashtable is a specialized Dictionary that relies on a hashing algorithm to convert keys into a mechanism to look up values in the dictionary. The hashing algorithm provides a quick way to convert any object into something that can serve as a look−up mechanism. This class implements a hashtable, which maps keys to values. Any non-null object can be used as a key or as a value. To successfully store and retrieve objects from a hashtable, the objects used as keys must implement the hashCode method and the equals method.
How Hashtable Works in Java ?
An instance of Hashtable has two parameters that affect its performance: initial capacity and load factor. The capacity is the number of buckets in the hash table, and the initial capacity is simply the capacity at the time the hash table is created. Note that the hash table is open: in the case of a "hash collision", a single bucket stores multiple entries, which must be searched sequentially. The load factor is a measure of how full the hash table is allowed to get before its capacity is automatically increased. The initial capacity and load factor parameters are merely hints to the implementation. The exact details as to when and whether the rehash method is invoked are implementation-dependent.
Is Hashtable Thread Safe ?
Hashtable is synchronized. If a thread-safe implementation is not needed, it is recommended to use HashMap in place of Hashtable. If a thread-safe highly-concurrent implementation is desired, then it is recommended to use ConcurrentHashMap in place of Hashtable.
How is the Performance of a Hashtable in Java ?
Generally, the default load factor (.75) offers a good tradeoff between time and space costs. Higher values decrease the space overhead but increase the time cost to look up an entry (which is reflected in most Hashtable operations, including get and put).
The initial capacity controls a tradeoff between wasted space and the need for rehash operations, which are time-consuming. No rehash operations will ever occur if the initial capacity is greater than the maximum number of entries the Hashtable will contain divided by its load factor. However, setting the initial capacity too high can waste space.
If many entries are to be made into a Hashtable, creating it with a sufficiently large capacity may allow the entries to be inserted more efficiently than letting it perform automatic rehashing as needed to grow the table.
java.util.Hashtable class Example
java.util.Hashtable class Example 2
java.util.Hashtable class Example 3
The following example shows how to save Hashtable into file.
How to save Hashtable into file
The following example shows how to retrieve Hashtable from file.
How to retrieve Hashtable from file