Python Operators - Operators in Python
Operators in Python
Python provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. In other words Python Operators are special symbols used in arithmetic or logical computations. All the Python operators are classified into the following groups.
- Assignment Operators
- Arithmetic Operators
- Comparison Operators
- Logical Operators
- Identity operators
- Membership Operators
- Bitwise Operators
What are Operators ?
In any programming language operators are used to perform operations on variables and values. For example assignment operations, arithmetic operations, comparison operations and so on.
Python Assignment Operators
Python assignment operators are used to assign a value to variables.
|List of Assignment Operators in Python|
|=||a = 7||a = 7|
|+=||a += 2||a = a + 2|
|-=||a -= 2||a = a - 2|
|*=||a *= 2||a = a * 2|
|/=||a /= 2||a = a / 2|
|%=||a %= 2||a = a % 2|
|//=||a //= 2||a = a // 2|
|**=||a **= 2||a = a ** 2|
|&=||a &= 2||a = a & 2|
||=||a |= 2||a = a | 2|
|^=||a ^= 2||a = a ^ 2|
|>>=||a >>= 2||a = a >> 2|
|<<=||a <<= 2||a = a << 2|
Python Arithmetic Operators
Python arithmetic operators are used with numeric values to perform arithmetic ( mathematical ) operations.
|List of Arithmetic Operators in Python|
|+||Addition||x + y|
|-||Subtraction||x - y|
|*||Multiplication||x * y|
|/||Division||x / y|
|%||Modulus||x % y|
|**||Exponentiation||x ** y|
|//||Floor division||x // y|
Python Comparison Operators
Python comparison operators are used to compare two values.
|List of Comparison Operators in Python|
|==||Equal||3 == 2|
|!=||Not equal||3 != 2|
|>||Greater than||3 > 2|
|<||Less than||3 < 2|
|>=||Greater than or equal to||3 >= 2|
|<=||Less than or equal to||3 <= 2|
Python Logical Operators
Python Logical operators are used to combine conditional statements.
|List of Logical Operators in Python|
|and||Returns True if both statements are true||a < 9 and a < 7|
|or||Returns True if one of the statements is true||a < 9 or a < 4|
|not||Returns False if the result is True||not(a < 9 and a < 7)|
Python Identity Operators
Python identity operators are used to compare the objects, not if they are equal, but if they are actually the same object, with the same memory location.
|List of Identity Operators in Python|
|is||Returns True if both variables are the same object||x is y|
|is not||Returns True if both variables are not the same object||x is not y|
Python Membership Operators
Python Membership operators are used to test if a sequence is present in an object.
|List of Membership Operators in Python|
|in||Returns True if a sequence with the specified value is present in the object||x in y|
|not in||Returns True if a sequence with the specified value is not present in the object||x not in y|
Python Bitwise Operators
Python Bitwise operators are used to compare binary numbers.
|List of Bitwise Operators in Python|
|Operator||Operator Name||Operator Description|
|&||AND||Sets each bit to 1 if both bits are 1|
||||OR||Sets each bit to 1 if one of two bits is 1|
|^||XOR||Sets each bit to 1 if only one of two bits is 1|
|~||NOT||Inverts all the bits|
|<<||Zero fill left shift||Shift left by pushing zeros in from the right and let the leftmost bits fall off|
|>>||Signed right shift||Shift right by pushing copies of the leftmost bit in from the left, and let the rightmost bits fall off|